A commentator wrote that India is running on "autopilot".
Indeed, it is.
After independence India continued with almost all systems designed by the British rulers of India (e.g. civil service established by Lord Cornwallis, laws – at least the penal code – established by Thomas Macaulay, and democracy established by John Simon of the Simon Commission – which created the India Act 1935).
Then came Nehru and damaged many of these systems – so that even whatever little used to work during colonial rule started breaking down.
Indians did not THINK about why these systems were so designed by Cornwallis, Macaulay and Simon. The underlying economic and theoretical analysis behind these institutions was beyond the capacity of most Indians, it would appear (except a few like Ambedkar, Sardar Patel, and Rajaji).
Since they couldn't understand the theory underpinning these institutions, they lacked the capacity to reform them. All they could think about, in their childish socialist way of thinking, was how to degrade and damage these institutions.
So, even though significant improvements were made across the world in the institutions of governance, India remained on autopilot.
Luckily for India, these underlying institutions established by the British were so strong that it somehow survives intact even today. Without the work of Cornwallis, Macaulay, Simon (and many other THINKING Britishers), one shudders to think what would have happened to India.
Despite its BILLION strong population, India still lives off the mental output of its British rulers. Its own people never internalised the foundational idea of freedom.
The day the "educated" classes of India start understanding why the British gave it a strong bureaucracy, strong laws, and strong democracy, they will begin to develop the MENTAL capacity to reform and modernise these institutions.
That day, however, is still very far away.
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